crude oil dips on signs of ample supply despite opec cuts iran sanctions

به نقل از خبرگزاریها در مورد crude oil dips on signs of ample supply despite opec cuts iran sanctions : russia is going to sign a contract with iran to supply turbines for thermal power plants in crimea, the ceo of state corporation rostec, sergei chemezov, said. while american president donald trump has canceled the iran nuclear agreement and imposed economic sanctions on that nation, several european and asian nations have announced that they will disregard the sanctions. several ship transport companies that also sail to american ports, have chosen to suspend transportation services to and from iranian ports. however, other modes of transportation will likely flourish despite the sanctions. sen. lindsey graham (r-s.c.) revealed plans sunday to introduce legislation that would impose further economic sanctions on iran, according to a reuters report. crude oil prices posted their biggest weekly gain in eight months with rising geopolitical risk in the middle east threatening security supply once again. after days of speculation and ambiguity, us president donald trump declared tonight that he has once again extended sanctions relief for iran, provisioned by 2015 nuclear deal. however, washington at the same time has imposed sanctions on some people and entities related to the islamic republic. a senior adviser to the supreme leader of iran has slammed a new set of sanctions against tehran recently approved by the us senate, calling them a “breach of the spirit and the letter” of the deal reached between iran and six major powers in 2015. the european union on monday failed to agree on new sanctions against iran, reuters reported. energy minister khalid falih said that saudi arabia is interested in the continuation of the dialogue between the organization of the petroleum exporting countries states and non-cartel oil producers to stabilize the crude market. israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu said on monday he planned to push u.s. president donald trump to renew sanctions against iran during a visit to washington next month, complaining that iran had once more tested a bal ic missile. iran’s central bank is increasingly negotiating with moscow to circumvent sanctions from the united states, according to tehran’s state-run news agency. persistent attempts made by the us administration to once again increase pressure on iran is apparently paying off, as it’s reported that the major european powers are devising a new set of sanctions against the islamic republic. however, iran has warned that such a move could spark serious implications. iran said on urday it would retaliate against sanctions imposed on its judiciary head by the united states as president donald trump stepped up efforts to ‘fix’ a nuclear deal between tehran and major powers. iran could do a lot of different things to kind of skirt possible tighter sanctions on its oil sector, such as sending oil to different places, michael cohen, head of energy commodities research at barclays, told bloomberg on monday. france’s supermajor total sa continues to work on the south pars gas project in iran despite the uncertainty over potential new u.s. sanctions on iran, total’s chief executive patrick pouyanne told french newspaper le monde in an interview published on tuesday. after more than a year of wrangling, senators announced a bipartisan bill thursday to impose mandatory sanctions on iran over its spate of bal ic missile tests and support for a group that president donald trump may soon dub a terrorist organization. a new package of economic sanctions on russia and iran unacceptably constrains the president’s authority, the white house said monday as democrats complained that the trump administration was trying to weaken the penalties. this was reported by the washington post. after the us senate imposed a new round of sanctions against a number of people and companies with the pretext of missiles and human rights concerns, iranian ministry of foreign affairs took a reciprocal step, imposing sanctions against 15 american firms involving in terrorism and supporting israeli crimes. us president donald trump's fresh sanctions against tehran have spooked india into reviewing its marquee connectivity project in central asia, the chabahar port in iran, imperilling a prime ministerial promise and a key route to afghanistan byp ing pakistan. u.s. amb ador nikki haley urged the united nations security council to punish iran for what she called "destabilizing behavior" and "dangerous violations" of un arms embargoes, but russia ruled out sanctions and said dialogue is needed. federal prosecutors in new york announced on wednesday the filing of a new indictment that charges a former turkish economy minister and three other turks with participating in a broad conspiracy to violate the united states’ sanctions against iran. marc short, the white house legislative director, told reporters that the administration backs the new sanctions on russia and iran. but he appeared to object to a key part of the legislation that would give capitol hill a much stronger hand in determining russia sanctions policy. boeing co. said on april 4 it has signed a new, $3 billion deal with iran’s aseman airlines to supply 30 737 max aircraft to the carrier, the first major sale by a u.s. company to the islamic republic under new president donald trump. two weeks ago, opec held a meeting with some of the producers and cited its members iraq and the uae, as well as non-opec signatories to the deal kazakhstan and malaysia, as laggards in compliance. as the syrian crisis has entered a new phase after the recent us missile strike against a military airbase in the country, there are signs of an upcoming more cooperation between iran and russia on the syrian issue. russian foreign minister’s recent remarks could be regarded as a sign in this regard. chinese telecom equipment maker zte corp has agreed to plead guilty and pay nearly $900 million in a u.s. sanctions case, drawing a line under a damaging scandal that had threatened its cut off its supply chain. a senior iranian lawmaker said urday that his country will definitely walk away from the 2015 nuclear deal if the united states reimposes sanctions on iran. iran on wednesday said it will do its best to ensure security of oil supply to india, erting that it has been a reliable energy partner for new delhi. iran's oil minister has given french energy giant total sixty days to get a sanctions waiver from washington or its major stake in a multi-billion-dollar gas project will be given to a chinese oil firm. bloomberg quotes a person familiar with the russian thinking, as saying that russia is mulling proposing that the opec and non-opec producers return oil output to october 2016 levels. zte is about to feel the heavy boot of the us department of justice after it violated the trade sanctions against iran and north korea. the chinese company imported smartphones with qualcomm chipsets for years, including during the ongoing investigation. for this offense the company has to pay $892 million fine with $300 million to be paid if the agreement with the doj is violated, totaling to $1.19 billion. zte axon 7 - one of the phones, sold in iran the us trade sanctions against iran and north korea are some of the oldest embargoes the usa has against other countries because... iraqi oil minister jabar luaibi said on tuesday that baghdad was not considering an increase in oil production in the framework of the opec (organization of the petroleum exporting countries) and non-opec oil output cut deal. washington’s sanctions against iran’s islamic revolution guards corps (irgc) are illegitimate and contravene international law, russian deputy foreign minister sergey ryabkov said on wednesday. as the us has been recently showing increasing signs of its willingness to make some revisions in iran nuclear deal (jcpoa), iran’s supreme leader warned the american officials of the consequences of any “wrong move.” he also insisted on iran’s firm stance in this regard. poland's second-biggest oil refiner lotos is interested in securing a long-term supply deal with iran once it completes a new coking unit at its gdansk refinery next year, its chief executive said. during years of tough negotiations between iran and the six world powers over the nuclear issue, france was known to have one of the strictest positions against tehran. now that the us is trying to once again increase pressures on iran with non-nuclear excuse, it seems to have paris on board again. in an interview sunday with cnn's fareed zakaria, iranian foreign minister javad zarif discussed what iran would do if the u.s. and its allies withdraw from the p5+1 nuclear deal or impose more sanctions on iran. iran signed an agreement with russia under which it has broken free from the petrodollar, and will "sell", or rather barter crude oil to russia in exchange for products. the announcement was made by iran’s oil minister bijan zanganeh, as reported by russia’s ria and t news agencies. ukraine crisis and iran’s position in europe gas supply
by shuaib bahman, eurasia energy researcher

شعیب بهمن

the crisis in ukraine and the concomitant escalation of tensions between russia and the west has once more pushed to bold relief moscow’s resort to energy as a pressure lever against european governments. most european countries worry that russia would execute its threat of gas cut in retaliation for united states and the european union economic sanctions imposed on moscow. therefore, the european countries further focused on diversifying their sources of energy. to that effect, gas-rich iran is a major option for the european bloc iran has sought to shore up its alliance with russia as part of a diplomatic offensive to offset the effects of renewed us sanctions. اختصاصی از اینو دیدی تحقیق درموردمتن انگلیسی اپک جدید 1000 با و پر سرعت .
لینک و ید پایین توضیحاتفرمت فایل word  و قابل ویرایش و پرینتتعداد صفحات: 2 what is opec?frequently asked questions about crude oilfrequently asked questions about opecfrequently asked questions about the petroleum industrythe organization of the petroleum exporting countries (opec) is a permanent inter-governmental organization, currently made up of 11 oil producing and exporting countries, spread across three continents america, asia and africa. the members are algeria, indonesia, the islamic republic of iran, iraq, kuwait, the socia people’s libyan arab jamahiriya, nigeria, qatar, saudi arabia, united arab emirates & venezuela.these countries have a total population of about 545 million and for nearly all of them, oil is the main marketable commodity and foreign exchange earner. thus, for these countries, oil is the vital key to development – economic, social and political. their oil revenues are used not only to expand their economic and industrial base, but also to provide their people with jobs, education, health care and a decent standard of living.the organization’s principal objectives are:1. to co-ordinate and unify the petroleum policies of the member countries and to determine the best means for safeguarding their individual and collective interests;2. to seek ways and means of ensuring the stabilization of prices in international oil markets, with a view to eliminating harmful and unnecessary fluctuations; and3. to provide an efficient economic and regular supply of petroleum to consuming nations and a fair return on capital to those investing in the petroleum industry.the organization of the petroleum exporting companies (opec) was created in 1960 to unify and protect the interests of oil-producing countries. opec allows oil-producing countries to guarantee their income by coordinating policies and prices among them. this unified front was created primarily in response to the efforts of western oil companies to drive oil prices down. the original members of opec included iran, iraq, kuwait, saudi arabia, and venezuela. opec has since expanded to include six more countries, making a total membership of 11.opec represents a considerable political and economical force. two-thirds of the oil reserves in the world belong to opec members; likewise, opec countries are responsible for half of the world's oil exports. the fact that opec controls the availability of a substance so universally sought after by modern society renders the organization a force to be rec ed with.the first display of the effect opec power could have on the world's politics was in the 1970s. when the yom kippur war exploded in the middle east, the united states isted israel in defending itself against the egyptian and syrian armies. in what may have been a response to this interference in the war, opec instituted an oil embargo that targeted the united states and its european allies. the embargo lasted from october 19, 1973 to march 17, 1974.the effects of the opec oil embargo were widespread. immediate effects included inflation and economic recession in the united states and other countries targeted by the embargo. car owners in the united states were restricted to specific days on which they could purchase gasoline: even dates for cars with even-numbered license plates, and odd dates for cars with odd-numbered license plates.a national law introducing more restrictive speed limits was instituted, as well as a year-round daylight savings time. the opec oil embargo also drove auto manufacturers to produce smaller and more fuel-efficient vehicles. even after the embargo ended, oil prices continued to rise, and the united states economy continued to suffer.although opec is often seen as a villain in the political arena, the organization serves an important purpose. opec prevents its members from being taken a ntage of by industrialized countries, by ensuring that oil-exporting countries are paid a fair price for crude oil. because oil-exporting countries are dependent on industrialized countries for oil products, opec standards prevent industrialized countries from buying crude oil at rock-bottom prices, then turning around and selling oil products back at vastly inflated prices.
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تحقیق درموردمتن انگلیسی اپک جدید 1000
french energy giant total will finally sign its multi-billion-dollar agreement to develop an iranian offshore gas field on monday (jul 3), the oil ministry said, in the biggest foreign deal since sanctions were eased last year. the gradual acceptance of digital currencies, with major exchanges about to launch bitcoin futures trading, may prompt some oil producing nations to ditch the us dollar in crude trade in favor of cryptocurrencies, an oil analyst says. as the united states has decided to unilaterally withdraw from the nuclear deal with iran, an important question is the future of iran’s energy sector in the shadow on new us sanctions. iranian officials ure the flow of oil exports will continue, while talking about the possibility of working with the european countries. the eu is considering how to protect its companies in iran as well as retaliatory measures in the wake of the us pullout from the joint comprehensive plan of action (jcpoa), french national embly member delphine o said in remarks at the atlantic council. if the united states terminates the iran nuclear deal or reimposes sanctions on tehran it could result in iran developing nuclear weapons and raise the danger of war close to europe, germany’s foreign minister said on urday. the trump administration is enforcing economic sanctions on russia, and will deliver a new round of sanctions within 30 days, treasury secretary steven mnuchin said on monday. iran is readying its first round of oil and gas exploration tenders since the easing of economic sanctions, hoping to attract the likes of bp and gazprom, an iranian energy official said on monday. when president donald trump announced two months ago that he would not certify iran’s compliance with the nuclear deal, he automatically triggered a 60-day review period during which congress could decide to snap tough economic sanctions on iran back into place -- a move that would effectively kill the landmark nuclear arms agreement. oil steadied after a third weekly loss as predictions by saudi arabia and russia that crude markets will rebalance vied with signs that u.s. companies are drilling even more wells. u.s. republican senators plan to introduce legislation to impose further sanction on iran, accusing it of violating u.n. security council resolutions by testing bal ic missiles and acting to "destabilize" the middle east, a u.s. senator said sunday.